ERIC Number: ED240779
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Behavior Modification Techniques. I: Overcorrection. II: Punishment.
Sovner, Robert, Ed.; Hurley, Anne Des Noyers, Ed.
Psychiatric Aspects of Mental Retardation Newsletter, v1 n7 Jul 1982 v2 n12 Dec 1983
Two newsletters review the principles and application of two behavior modification techniques with mentally retarded persons: overcorrection and punishment. Overcorrection may be either restitutional, in which the client is made to restore the environment to a far better state than before the inappropriate behavior occurred, or positive practice overcorrection, in which the child overpractices correct forms of behavior incompatible with the behavior to be eliminated. Suggestions are given for developing and implementing an overcorrection procedure, as well as for assessing the treatment's effectiveness. Clinical examples of the approach used with such maladaptive behaviors as vomiting, food stealing, and self-injurious behavior are cited. Punishment is defined and two types of aversive stimuli (primary and conditioned) are described. Characteristics of punishment are noted, and the major types of punishment programs (response cost, time-out, and primary aversive techniques such as electric shock and ammonia inhalation) are considered. Following a brief examination of examples of using primary and conditioned aversive stimuli, ethical factors and possible non-therapeutic effects are addressed. (CL)
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Ethics, Mental Retardation, Program Development, Program Implementation, Punishment, Timeout
Psych-Media Inc., 54 Ellery St., Cambridge, MA 02138 ($20.00 per year, make check payable to P.A.M.R. Newsletter).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A