ERIC Number: ED240422
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug-27
Reference Count: 0
Dialectical Reasoning and Subjective Impressions of Personality.
Lamiell, James T.
The psychology of personality has always attempted to define the individual in relation to normative data. However, personality theory should be attempting to define individuals from an interactive measurement model, examining the individual in terms of his own subjective impressions about what he does, with a conception of what he does not do. Using a dialectical model, the reasoning process by which individuals formulate and express subjective judgments about personality can be studied. In interactive measurement the focus is on the nature of the psychological process that generates a particular response rather than on the individual's response, per se. The subjective judgment process can be formally represented by an equation (given in the text) which allows the researcher to quantify the subjective judgment into a given value on a + 1.00 range, representing the subject's covert judgment about a particular construct. In discerning the nature of the context for the judgment, dialectical reasoning comes into play. In making the subjective judgment the individual's mind defines the judgment's polar negations and warrants a judgment about them, thus defining the context for the judgment. Empirical research designed to test the interactive measurement model and dialectical reasoning found that, for the majority of subjects, the dialectical model was superior in defining the judgment process. (An exercise illustrating the model and implications for personality theory are included.) (BL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dialectical Reasoning; Subjective Judgment
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).