ERIC Number: ED240194
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Youth Organizations as a Third Educational Environment Particularly for Minority Group Youth. Final Report to the National Institute of Education.
Kleinfeld, Judith; Shinkwin, Anne
Youth organizations as educational settings were examined in a series of small-scale studies describing what happens to young people who participate in such organizations. The project, an overview of which is given in the introductory chapter of this report was organized into three components. The initial, exploratory study examined what scouting and 4-H leaders, youth members, and parents perceived as the important educational experiences and effects of youth groups. Well-run groups were found to provide such benefits as (1) increased contact with adults, (2) teaching of practical skills, (3) practice in formal leadership and organizational roles, (4) opportunities to practice community responsibility, and (5) increased family involvement in the education of adolescents. The second study examined critically these perceived effects through an intensive, descriptive study of boys' actual experiences in two Boy Scout troops. Emphasized were (1) how families use Boy Scouts for socialization purposes and what boys gain from the experience; and (2) critical variables in troop functioning which influence the type of educational experience boys receive. The third study examined one youth group in a rural Alaska Eskimo village. It was found that, although organizations such as scout troops and 4-H are seldom established in rural Alaska, they can be successful if they reflect local cultural patterns (as does this group). Questionnaires used in the studies are presented in appendices. (CMG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Alaska Univ., Fairbanks.
Identifiers: Boy Scouts of America; 4 H Clubs
Note: Research conducted under NIE Project Number 9-0639.