ERIC Number: ED239999
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Law of the Sea, Resource Use, and International Understanding.
Earney, Fillmore C. F.
Examined are the mandates of the Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention (not ratified by the United States), which set aside approximately two-thirds of the world's oceans as a "common heritage of mankind" to further the establishment of a "new economic order." The convention established an International Seabed Authority designed to administer and equitably distribute oceanic mineral resources among both the haves and the have-nots. This paper illustrates, through a brief examination of the LOS Convention's precepts, a few significant questions with which educators might confront students concerning the ocean as one of our last frontiers. For example: Can we afford less than a holistic approach in resource use planning? How are we to meet growing demands by Third World states for an improved standard of living? How can we better understand and cope with differing political-economic views on the right of access to and equity in the benefits of global resources? The first part of the paper discusses the convention's mandates for the use of minerals, living resources, and ocean space. An annotated listing of resources with which to stimulate class discussion concludes the paper. (RM)
Descriptors: Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Global Approach, Higher Education, Instructional Materials, International Cooperation, International Organizations, International Relations, Natural Resources, Oceanography, Quality of Life, Resource Materials, Secondary Education, World Affairs, World Problems
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Law of the Sea Convention; Minerals
Note: Paper presented at the National Council for Geographic Education Conference (Ocho Rios, Jamaica, October 23-28, 1983).