ERIC Number: ED239906
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
Processes and Strategies in Solving Elementary Verbal Multiplication and Division Tasks: Their Relationship with Piaget Abilities, Memory Capacity Skills and Rational Number = Ratkaisuprosessit ja Strategiat Perustavissa Sanallisissa Kerto-ja Jakolaskutehtavissa: Tutkimus Kerto-ja Jakolaskutaitojen Yhteyksista Piaget-Kykyihin, Muistikapasiteettiin, Lukujono-taitoihin Seka Rationaalilukukasitteeseen. Tampereen Yliopiston Hameenlinnan Opettajankoulutuslaitos Julkaisu No. 11.
The processes and strategies used by Finnish second graders in solving verbal multiplication and division tasks were investigated, and the relationship of these processes and strategies to Piagetian abilities, memory capacity skills, and rational number concepts was charted. Three categories of strategies were classified: operations based on external aids, short mental operations based on number listing in certain intervals, and operations based on knowledge or derived knowledge. The division strategies relying on the use of external aids were further classified in terms of measurement or partition situations. Tests designed by Piaget to measure the developmental levels of multiplication and division operations were found to be rather remote from the processes and strategies used on multiplication and division tasks at school. This finding, plus the results on memory capacity and understanding of rational number, are discussed in detail in this English summary, which includes a list of references. (MNS)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Division, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Fractions, Grade 2, Mathematical Concepts, Multiplication, Number Concepts, Primary Education, Rational Numbers, Ratios (Mathematics)
Univ. of Tampere, Dept. of Teacher Training in HML, Erottajakatu 12, 13130 HML 13, Finland.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Tampere Univ., Hameelinna (Finland). Dept. of Teaching Training.
Identifiers: Finland; Mathematics Education Research; Piagetian Tasks
Note: A condensed English summary of the original Finnish study.