ERIC Number: ED239791
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Outward Bound--An Adjunctive Psychiatric Therapy: Preliminary Research Findings.
Stich, Thomas F.; Sussman, Lewis R.
According to a small study, Outward Bound can enhance the treatment of hospitalized psychiatric patients. Researchers measured the effect of a therapeutic Outward Bound program of prescribed physical and social tasks on the contentment and self-esteem of seven patients undergoing short-term treatment at the Veterans Administration Hospital in White River Junction, Vermont. After selection by the medical staff, the seven male patients, all between the ages of 25 and 50, participated in three weekly, 4-hour Outward Bound sessions that included a ropes course, rock climbs, and a rappel. Pre- and post-test results indicated a statistically significant effect of Outward Bound on contentment and a positive but statistically insignificant effect on self-esteem. Results of a comparison to a control group were insignificant. Effects of the Outward Bound program did not dissipate during treatment and the Outward Bound patients had a shorter mean stay in the hospital. A questionnaire and self-rating scale completed by 45% of the test group after four months confirmed the findings at the time of hospitalization. Further research is suggested. (SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Adjunctive Psychiatric Therapy; Contentment; Dartmouth Medical School NH; Outward Bound; Rock Climbing; Ropes Courses; Stress (Biological)