ERIC Number: ED239320
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov
Reference Count: 0
An Approach to Designing Training and Development Programs.
Lashbrook, Velma J.
A systems approach to effective instructional design that is equally applicable to educational and organizational settings includes six components: (1) needs assessment, (2) systems design, (3) curriculum development, (4) organizational development, (5) feedback and evaluation, and (6) outcomes. The last component, outcomes, provides a context and goal design to help focus development efforts. The needs assessment gathers information necessary for designing appropriate instructional strategies: performer demographics; the time a performer spends on various activities; performer knowledge, skills, and attitudes; direction and consequences provided by a performer's manager; policies and/or systems that facilitate or impede performance; methods for monitoring performance; and factors that may affect performance. The design phase for training and development, based on the desired outcomes, derives its direction from the results of the needs assessment. Curriculum development focuses on instructional strategies used to develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to perform a job. Organizational development entails the review and modification, if appropriate, of any policies, or procedures required to achieve an outcome. The feedback and evaluation component offers methods for monitoring the effectiveness of the total system and can take four forms: cognitive, affective, behavioral, and results. (HOD)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (69th, Washington, DC, November 10-13, 1983).