ERIC Number: ED239257
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Understanding Writing in School: A Descriptive Study of Writing and Its Instruction in Two Classrooms.
Clark, Christopher M.; And Others
Concerned with the interaction between teacher writing values and classroom writing instruction, this report describes a naturalistic study of writing-related activities and teacher attitudes in a combined second and third grade classroom and a sixth grade classroom. It presents descriptions and analyses of seven occasions for writing that illustrate how teacher planning, prior experiences, conceptions of writing as a process, and beliefs about student abilities were reflected in the teaching of writing. The report also suggests the varied writing functions evident in different writing occasions: writing to know oneself and others, writing to occupy free time, writing to participate in the community, and writing to demonstrate academic achievement. It identifies a number of issues as important challenges to writing instruction, including (1) developing a sense of audience, (2) using models, (3) instilling a sense of purpose in writing occasions, (4) setting expectations for writing performance, (5) evaluating students' writing, and (6) recognizing the classroom context as an influence on writing. The report closes with a discussion of the study's implications for teaching, curriculum development, and future research. Extensive appendixes include a list of articles and workshops arising from the research, the videotape viewing session format, and samples of field notes, interview notes, teacher journal entries, and a videotape log. (MM)
Descriptors: Class Activities, Classroom Communication, Classroom Environment, Classroom Research, Elementary Education, Naturalistic Observation, Research Methodology, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Role, Writing Exercises, Writing Instruction, Writing Skills
The Institute for Research on Teaching, College of Education, Michigan State University, 252 Erickson Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824 ($14.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Inst. for Research on Teaching.
Identifiers: Naturalistic Studies
Note: For the Executive Summary, see CS 208 033.