ERIC Number: ED239150
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr-10
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Three Cognitive Treatments in Alleviating Depression.
After nearly a decade of empirical studies on the effectiveness of various types of psychotherapy, Beck's cognitive/behavioral therapy apparently remains the most effective psychotherapy for depression. However, because of the complexity and the mixture of cognitive and behavioral modification in Beck's therapy it is impossible to test Beck's theory of depression in clinical outcome studies. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the cognitive components of Beck's cognitive/behavioral therapy and theory. In Experiment 1, self-referred depressed students were randomly assigned to four groups: Group 1, Beck's Reconstruction of Negative Thoughts; Group 2, Velten's Elation Mood Induction; Group 3, Recording Positive Events, Feelings, and Thoughts; and Group 4, Waiting for Treatment Control. Groups 1 and 3 represent the two cognitive modification components of Beck's therapy. Group 2 used the simplest mood and cognitive modification technique in the literature. Analyses of pre- and post-treatment measures showed that Groups 2 and 3 were more effectively alleviated of symptoms of the depressive syndrome than Group 1, which used Beck's Major Cognitive Modification technique. This supports the view that encouraging depressed persons to focus on positive phenomena is more effective than encouraging them to focus on negative phenomena on a short-term basis. Experiment 2 replicated the positive long-term effects of Velten's statements and demonstrated some of the cognitive processes involved. In general, both experiments confirmed Beck's theory that cognitions influence mood and other symptoms of clinical depression. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Beck (A T)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (63rd, San Francisco, CA, April 6-10, 1983).