ERIC Number: ED239135
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Arousal in the Induction of Mood.
Reilly, Nora P.; Morris, William N.
The role of autonomic arousal in feeling states has long been of interest to psychologists. To examine the necessity of arousal for an effective mood induction, 60 college students were instructed either to exercise vigorously (high arousal group), exercise lightly with a rest period (low arousal group), or complete a questionnaire (no arousal group). Half of each group read either a sad or a neutral story, and either concentrated on the passage or simply waited. Although it was predicted that highly aroused subjects (via exercise) who had to concentrate on a sad story would report a significant increase and persistence in sad mood, results indicated that sadness seemed to be inhibited by exercise. Subjects in the high arousal group reported themselves to be less sad than subjects in the low arousal group, who, in turn, were less sad than the no arousal group. An alternate hypothesis suggests that a persistence of sadness over time is a function of increased intensity of arousal. A mood induction without arousal may be effective but not as persistent as one including arousal. Prolonging transient mood states would provide a more reliable opportunity to study the phenomenon of mood. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).