ERIC Number: ED239132
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Influence of Procedural and Distributive Justice on Organizational Behavior.
Alexander, Sheldon; Ruderman, Marion
Research on justice in organizational behavior has emphasized distributive rather than procedural justice. Distributive justice focuses on the fairness of rewards, while procedural justice focuses on the fairness of the procedures used in allocating rewards. To examine the procedural-distributive justice distinction as it relates to organizatonal behavior in terms of job satisfaction, conflict, evaluation of supervisor, trust in management, turnover intention, and stress, 2,822 federal government employees (55 percent female, 77 percent white, mean age 41.1) completed a seven-point Likert questionnaire assesing their perceptions of a major reform in the civil service procedures and traditional aspects of the work site. An analysis of the results showed that perceived fairness in the workplace was significantly related to organizational outcomes. Both procedural and distributive justice measures significantly related to job satisfaction, evaluation of supervisor, conflict/harmony, trust in management, and turnover intention. Procedural justice accounted for significantly more variance than distributive justice for four of the five dependent measures. Only in turnover intention did distributive justice account for more variance than procedural justice. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Distributive Justice; Procedural Justice
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).