ERIC Number: ED238984
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Immigration and California: Issues for the 1980s.
McCarthy, Kevin F.
If the immigration pattern of the 1970's persists in the 1980's, California can expect, annually, approximately 250,000 new immigrants, the majority from Latin America and Asia. Of these immigrants, concentrated in the working ages, 60 percent will be poorly educated and generally unskilled refugees and illegals and will be potentially heavy users of public services. Implications for business include the following: (1) There is a potential mismatch between the many unskilled immigrants and the high-tech industries expected to spur California's future economic growth; to compensate, the State may need special training programs. (2) The majority of immigrants, at least through the first generation, will be concentrated in low-skill, low-wage jobs in the service and manufacturing sector, where their presence may depress wages. (3) If the Simpson-Mazzoli bill becomes law, employers will have to choose between increased costs for processing and maintaining immigrants' records and possible anti-discrimination suits if they hire only the native-born. (4) The prospect of continuing rapid immigration raises important but currently unanswerable questions about the kind of capital stock best suited to a labor force increasingly composed of immigrants and their offspring. The degree to which immigrants are successfully absorbed into California's economy will also help determine the demands imposed upon the public sector and, correspondingly, the taxes Californians will pay in the coming decade. One thing is certain: pressures for immigration will increase. How California responds to those pressures will shape the State's future. (CMG)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Immigrants, Income, Labor Market, Labor Needs, Population Trends, Refugees, Social Services, Undocumented Immigrants, Welfare Services
Publications Department, the Rand Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90406 ($4.00).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Washington, DC.
Note: Revised and expanded version of speech given to the Southern California Roundtable (Los Angeles, CA, November 10, 1982).