ERIC Number: ED238886
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Government and Sport Transformation in Canada.
Franks, C. E. S.; Macintosh, Donald
The increasing commercialism and professionalism of sport through the medium of television has had an impact upon the policy of the Canadian government toward sport. Facing pressure from separatist movements within the country, the government has made athletics a keystone in the drive for national unity. The cultural significance of sport and the need to place priority on the pursuit of international excellence has been emphasized. While amateur participation continues to be encouraged, programs receiving government support focus primarily on competitive elite sport, particularly hockey. Grants-in-aid are given to promising young athletes with Olympic potential to the detriment of programs directed toward fitness and recreation for the average athlete. The prevalent form of professional and elite amateur sport poses a threat to mass participatory sport programs and may possibly permeate youth sport programs to the extent that intrinsic outcomes of participation will no longer hold any attraction or value. For the young person who cannot perform at a level where the extrinsic rewards are forthcoming, the alternative may be dropping out of competitive sport programs. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Canadian Social Science and Humanities Research Council, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Ice Hockey; Olympic Games
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the North American Society for the Sociology of Sport. Document contains light type.