ERIC Number: ED238586
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Performance among Head Start Children from Three Family Types.
Derrick, Sara M.
The intent of this study was to investigate cognitive performance among Head Start children and to draw implications from such performance to increase understanding of the educational needs of Head Start children from families headed by unwed-mothers. Specific questions addressed whether cognitive performance among Head Start children differed on the basis of (1) three family types (those characterized by unwed-mother, father-absent, and father-present family structures) or (2) mother's age at time of subject's birth. Five measures of cognitive performance were used: mental age, general comprehension, vocabulary and verbal fluency, judgment and reasoning, and knowledge of prepositions. Data were obtained from 117 children attending one Head Start program in northwest Ohio. Multivariate analysis of variance revealed no significant difference in cognitive performance due to family structures or sex of children. Children from families characterized as unwed-mother tended to have lower scores on four measures than did children from the other two family types. Scores on all measures were accelerated with increases in chronological age. (Results are discussed in terms of congruence with other research, and the need for longitudinal data is emphasized.) (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Father Present Family; Project Head Start