ERIC Number: ED238582
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Children's Understanding of Feelings: A Matter of Point of View.
Nannis, Ellen D.; Cowan, Philip A.
To refine methodology, a study was made of how 52 first-, third-, and fifth-grade boys and girls understood feelings in themselves and their parents. It was expected that older children would use more complex criteria than younger children and that differences would result from the number of points of view subjects had to consider to answer a given question. Questions about happy or sad feelings focused on three affective dimensions: process of feelings, interpersonal awareness of feelings, and multiple feelings. Composite scores were created by averaging scores on questions involving one, two, and three points of view. For each of the point of view composites, between-group analyses of variance for grade level and gender were performed; for each point of view, significant differences were found among grade levels, with third and fifth graders responding at higher levels than first graders. Boys tended to score higher than girls on tasks requiring taking one and two points of view. For every grade or gender, tests indicated that answers involving a single perspective or point of view invoked more sophisticated criteria than did answers involving two or three points of view. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Developmental Patterns
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (San Francisco, CA, April 27-30, 1983). For a related document, see ED 229 138.