ERIC Number: ED238369
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct-26
Reference Count: 0
The University as an Organisation: System and Environment. Swedish Research on Higher Education, 1983:2.
Back, Par-Erik; Lane, Jan-Erik
To analyze organizational development of Swedish universities and colleges, decision theory and implementation theory were examined. Attention was directed to the following models of decision-making: the demographic model, the incremental model, the garbage-can model, and the political model. The focus was on system decision-making, and empirical inquiry sought to discover the extent of rationality and marginalism that was typical of the decision-making. A distinction between two ways of approaching implementation phenomena was made: implementation as the enactment of policy and implementation as the evaluation of policy. The empirical analysis focused on the extent to which goals were reached. The results seem to indicate that essential aspects of higher education institutions may be changed by public policy. It is concluded that there are aspects of higher education where reform is possible and desirable as a response to a changing environment. Data analysis also indicate, however, that there are some aspects of higher education where reforms are neither feasible nor desirable. The continuous process of public policy directed toward organizational development results in bureaucratization. Theoretical implications of the findings are also addressed. (SW)
Descriptors: Bureaucracy, Decision Making, Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Organizational Development, Public Policy, School Organization
National Swedish Board of Universities and Colleges, R&D Unit, P.O. Box 45501, S-104 30, Stockholm, Sweden.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Swedish Board of Universities and Colleges, Stockholm. Research and Development Unit.