ERIC Number: ED238209
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Stigma Perception and Social Adjustment of Mentally Retarded Persons.
Gibbons, Frederick X.
Two studies attempted to assess the effect of the mental retardation label on the formation of social impressions in mentally retarded (MR) adults. In the first study, 123 mildly retarded students, half of whom were institutionalized were interviewed and asked to respond to questions about individuals pictured (some of whom were labeled as MR). Results confirmed expectations that MR persons have negative opinions of others who are labeled as MR, especially concerning estimates of social behavior. In addition, Ss reported very negative opinions of their opposite sex peer group. In the second study, Ss were asked to evaluate themselves on comparable social dimensions. Analyses of sociability and social adjustment were completed by staff members. Results revealed that physical attractiveness was most closely associated with successful social adjustments for men but not for women, for whom IQ was more closely related to sociability and social outlook. Results suggested that the "ingroup concept" problem among MR persons is directly related to social behavioral problems identified in the research. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Convention of the American Psychiatric Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).