ERIC Number: ED238174
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Organizational Environment, Structure, Leadership, and Effectiveness: An Exploratory Model.
Whorton, David M.
Purporting to test a contingency model for schools, data from 45 Arizona schools and 4 British schools were analyzed and compared to examine relationships between organizational environment, structure, leadership style, and perceived effectiveness. Environmental factors were measured by teacher and administrator responses to four Likert-type scales. Leadership style was determined by administrator responses to Fiedler's Least Preferred Coworker Questionnaire and Group Atmosphere Scale. Organizational structure was determined by responses of teachers and administrators to two specially developed but different instruments, one used in England and the other in Arizona. Perceived effectiveness was measured through the use of Mott's Organizational Effectiveness Questionnaire. While the findings lack compelling validity due to the differences in the sample size, the author does draw some conclusions. Schools were perceived as more effective when the leaders' style was humanistic and the principals' perception of the teachers was positive. The model used in support of the hypotheses proved to be a significant predictor of perceived effectiveness for both sets of schools. While it shows further study is needed, the model does have utility for organizational theorists. (MD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Arizona; England
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Ameri