ERIC Number: ED238080
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Competitive Live Discussion: The Effective Use of Nonverbal Cues.
Littlefield, Robert S.
Verbal and nonverbal dimensions of communication are a vital part of competitive group discussion. Specific nonverbal elements that have been found useful in competitive group discussion include environment, proxemics, kinesics, objectics, and chronemics. For example, equalizing arrangements for the discussion in the best area of a room enhances the environment and places a minimum amount of attention on this variable. The physical distance between members is another important variable, influencing the perceived status and power of members and the weight given to their ideas. An area over which discussants have the most control is kinesics or gestures. By encouraging another discussant with positive facial expressions or discouraging participation with scowls or negative expressions, a group member can influence the kind of interaction that occurs in a round. Objectics, or the dress and personal accessories of a speaker, indicate those individuals with status and power in a group. A final nonverbal dimension is the impact of clocks and time upon the kind of discussion that occurs in a round. All of these elements can influence a judge's perception. To become active and effective members of a discussion, students should consider each of these nonverbal dimensions. (HOD)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chronemics; Objectics
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (69th, Washington, DC, November 10-13, 1983).