ERIC Number: ED238066
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Nonfluencies in the Speeches of Black College Students.
Evans, Adeline L.; King, Thomas R.
To investigate the speech of black college students for nonfluencies--linguistic elements breaking the flow of words or ideas--and to ascertain if students' attendance of a largely black or largely white university influenced their use of nonfluencies, 21 black students at a predominantly black university and 25 black students at a predominantly white university were audiotaped while giving short speeches. Chi square analysis of eight types of nonfluencies--(1) interjections, (2) part-word repetitions, (3) word repetitions, (4) phrase repetitions, (5) revisions, (6) incomplete phrases, (7) broken words, and (8) incomplete sounds--revealed no significant difference between the nonfluency index of either group. Both groups had the highest means for interjections and revisions and used about three nonfluencies per 100 words. As results indicate that very few students will use a large number of nonfluencies, speech communication instructors should recommend that students with 10 or more nonfluencies per 100 words receive help from speech therapists or language specialists. (MM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Nonfluencies (Language)