ERIC Number: ED237990
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May-29
Reference Count: 0
Social Stratification and the Knowledge Gap: Some Influences on Knowledge Disparities.
Working from a knowledge gap hypothesis stating that as amounts of information in a community or society increase, segments of the population with more education and higher socioeconomic status acquire this information at a greater rate than do lower status groups, a study examined the contributions to neighborhood residents' knowledge of local affairs issues. The Phillips neighborhood, a large, predominantly low-income and working-class neighborhood in south Minneapolis, Minnesota, was selected for study. A random sample of 239 residents was interviewed and asked to name and rank the most important neighborhood problems. Their responses were compared to local issues identified by city planners and neighborhood leaders. Content of the two neighborhood newspapers was analyzed for coverage of the issues. Other analyzed variables included involvement in groups specifically concerned with the issues, personal experience, interest, and education. Data analysis supported the knowledge gap hypothesis. It was also noted that neither reading the neighborhood papers nor participating in groups compensated for lack of education. Even though participation and local press readership led to knowledge gains for the less educated, the more educated were able to make even greater gains. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Knowledge Gap Hypothesis; Minnesota (Minneapolis)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (69th, Corvallis, OR, August 6-9, 1983).