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ERIC Number: ED237900
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Conformity, Interpersonal Dominance and the Type A Personality.
Yarnold, Paul R.; Grimm, Laurence G.
Type A individuals are characterized by a sense of urgency, hard-driving competitiveness, and hostility which are manifested in their attempts to establish and maintain control over personal and environmental events. In order to investigate conformity and interpersonal dominance in Type A personalities, 87 male college students completed the Jenkins Activity Survey (JAS), a measure of coronary proneness. Students located at either extreme of the scale (12 Type A; 11 Type B) participated in the conformity experiment by making a series of stimulus discriminations. On 4 of 16 trials, a subject responded after three confederates had agreed on an incorrect response, and then again when seated alone in another room. Normative data were collected also on a larger sample of subjects. Analyses of results showed that, under social pressure, Type B subjects conformed to a significantly greater degree than Type A subjects. Data on a subset of the sample and the larger normative sample indicated that social pressure to conform was responsible for differences in judgmental accuracy of stimuli (conformity measure). Additional research is needed to evaluate task salience, status of group members, and subjects' perception of the consequences of their nonconformity in order to understand more fully the differences in conformity for Type A and Type B individuals. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Illinois Univ., Chicago.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dominant Behavior; Type B Behavior; Type A Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (3rd, Chicago, IL, March 3-5, 1982).