ERIC Number: ED237893
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Predicting Adult Personality from Minor Physical Characteristics.
Paulhus, Delroy; Martin, Carol
While minor physical anomalies (MPAs), a set of 17 non-obvious but measurable characteristics of the hands, face and feet, have been linked to a number of behavioral syndromes in children, such personality correlates of MPAs in adults have not been studied. To explore the relationshp between MPAs and temperament in a college sample, 114 students (74 males, 40 females; 74 Caucasian, 36 Oriental, 4 other) completed a battery of personality tests and lifestyle questionnaires, then were examined for MPAs (e.g., attached ear lobes, fine-electric hair, multiple hair whorls, curved fifth finger, and steepled palate). Analyses of results for the 74 Caucasians showed that 25 of 30 correlations evidenced a positive relation between MPAs and temperament. Among males, correlations with MPAs were significant for the Physical Activity and Clumsiness factors of the lifestyle inventory as well as for the emotionality, extraversion, sex-role and Type A personality measures. No significant correlations were found for females. The observed results provide further evidence that temperament has a biological basis. The relationship with MPAs supports a congenital explanation for temperament, and may provide a useful tool for further research. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Minor Physical Anomalies
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).