ERIC Number: ED237889
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Grouptalk: An Investigation of Group Process.
Dabbs, James M., Jr.; And Others
Traditionally, group research has focused on outcome rather than process. In order to provide an efficient means of data collection and analysis in group process, the Automatic Vocal Transaction Analyzer (AVTA) system was developed to generate an objective chronography of conversation vocalizations, pauses, turntaking, switching, and interruptions. In order to investigate the group process using the AVTA, 100 undergraduates were divided into 20 five-member groups to discuss the "Desert Survival Problem," ranking the importance of 15 items to survival. Each group member's voice was individually recorded on one of five microphones that fed into a microcomputer system which monitored the on-off patterning of speech and silence for each person. After the discussions, subjects completed a questionnaire rating other group members and the group itself. Subsequently, the "grouptalk" parameters according to the AVTA were related to the individual ratings. An analysis of the results showed that individuals who talked more were likely to be rated higher on leadership and task performance but not particularly higher on likeability. Groups with a high amount of talking were rated high on "group spirit" but not on task performance. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Automatic Vocal Transaction Analyzer
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).