ERIC Number: ED237835
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Fear of Success, Sex-Role Orientation, and Definitions of Success: A Correlational Study.
Sager, Beatrice W.
Anticipation of negative consequences and sex role have both been found to contribute to fear of success (FOS). Specifically, research has found that expressive personalities (feminine) exhibit high FOS while instrumental personalities (masculine) exhibit low FOS. To demonstrate that values, especially those associated with sex roles, determine definitions of success and therefore explain the relationship between high FOS and expressive personality traits, a new scale, the Definitions of Success Scale (DOSS), was devised. The scale employs four definitions of success, two traditional (business, academic) and two nontraditional (social, family). Female high school students (N=160) completed the DOSS, the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI), and the Zuckerman FOS scale. Analyses of results showed that expressive personalities chose nontraditional values and exhibited high FOS. The findings suggest that the bias of the FOS scale is responsible for FOS scores. (The DOSS is appended). (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Definitions of Success Scale
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association (Snowbird, UT, April 26-30, 1983).