ERIC Number: ED237763
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Sectors and Jobs in Metropolitan Economies. A Rand Note.
A study assessed the potential development of service sectors in different cities throughout the country and compared the results of growth in these and other sectors with respect to their effects on (1) total employment; (2) the geographic dispersion of metropolitan employment; (3) central city fiscal capacity; (4) metropolitan cyclical stability; and (5) minority business opportunities and local labor markets. During the study, researchers examined the distribution of jobs by sector and type of labor and used census data to assess the quality of jobs provided by different sectors. Based on this examination, researchers concluded that service sector growth is no panacea for the problems of cities. The survey data indicated that conventional rules of thumb such as the one stating that the medical and health services sectors hire larger numbers of minority group members than do the average sector in any given city simply do not hold true upon actual research. Therefore, city planners who frequently make use of such rules of thumb should be cautioned that no good substitute exists for city-specific analysis of how sectoral development strategies will reduce structural unemployment. Furthermore, the results of this study indicate that while some service sectors do seem to offer more opportunities for upward mobility than do areas such as durable goods manufacturing, others offer few or none. (This technical report includes 12 tables detailing the distribution of labor types and employee educational levels across cities and sectors.) (MN)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Economic Development, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Problems, Feasibility Studies, Job Development, Labor Market, Minority Groups, Needs Assessment, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Salary Wage Differentials, Service Occupations, Unemployment, Urban Areas, Urban Improvement, Urban Planning
Publications Department, The Rand Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90406 ($4.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC. Office of Policy Development and Research.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers: Structural Unemployment; United States