ERIC Number: ED237405
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of School and Non School Selected Knowledge Acquisition as Perceived by Elementary School Children of Australia and the United States.
Sesow, F. Wm.; Chapman, Denise
The purposes of this study are to compare school and non-school acquisition of knowledge as perceived by Australian and American elementary school children, and to determine if children acquire more knowledge about their own country than foreign children do. A total of 156 American 5th and 6th graders and 100 Australian 6th and 7th year students from similar suburban communities answered 50 multiple choice questions on events, location, culture, economics, politics, people, and geography of Australia and the United States. Students also indicated whether they believed they had gained their knowledge in or outside of school. Findings indicate that American children had significantly greater knowledge about the United States than Australian children did, and vice versa. Moreover, neither group perceived a difference between school and non-school acquisition of knowledge. These results suggest that social studies knowledge may be acquired through non-school activities. A broadening of children's environment over the years due to travel and technology is also indicated. The report concludes with four tables of data. (LP)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Influences, Culture Contact, Educational Background, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Foreign Culture, Global Approach, Knowledge Level, Nonformal Education, Social Studies
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Australia; United States
Note: Paper presented at the Midwestern Educational Research Association and the Iowa Educational Research and Evaluation Association (Des Moines, IA, November 19-21, 1981).