ERIC Number: ED237382
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Verbal and Graphic Model for Illustrating the Perspective of Religion in Relationship to those of the Physical and Human Sciences, History, and Geography.
Maddux, Jeffrey Dean
Designed as an instructional aid for college professors, this model is used to illustrate the broad relationship among the primary perspectives and concerns of the physical and human sciences, history, geography, and religion. Human knowledge is conceptual. Man's "real" objective knowledge consists of mental analogs that are concerned with the realized or sensed. Man's "extra-real" objective knowledge is made up of abstractions that are concerned with objects, space, time, and combinations of these three which have not or cannot be sensed. The physical sciences, physical geography, and natural history speculate on objective extra-reality through their interpretations of objective reality. The three primary perspectives from which humans can view the objective world are topical, chronometrical, and spatial. Meanings come into play as man attempts to deal with real and extra-real objective knowledge and understanding. Humans want to know what the objective means to them personally or to other humans. Meanings that individuals believe to be human in origin are a part of human subjective reality. Those meanings that are believed to be extra-human are a part of human subjective extra-reality, or human religion. The topical sciences, history, and geography can directly study only the real objective parts of religion such as religious people, symbols, and ritual. The philosophies, as well as the findings of science, history, and geography, can be directly addressed from the religious perspective, because religion is not methodologically limited to observations of the objective universe. (RM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Charts throughout document have small print type and may not reproduce well.