ERIC Number: ED237305
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Hispanics in the Pacific Northwest.
Cook, Annabel Kirschner
Sources of diversity in the Pacific Northwest's Spanish origin population, up 79.7% since 1970, was the subject of research based on 1980 Census data. Census information for Whites and Hispanics from metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties with 400 or more persons of Spanish origin was compared on the basis of age, family/household structure, employment/unemployment status, educational level, and poverty level. Among area Hispanics, 42.3% were under 18, compared to 27.2% of area Whites. Non-family households were less common for Hispanics, of whom 56% were married compared to 41.5% of Whites. Single women headed 11.9% of Hispanic families but only 7.8% of White families. In the labor force, male Hispanics had much higher participation rates than White males in all types of counties. Contrary to previous findings, Hispanic women also had high participation rates. Nevertheless, standard patterns of high Hispanic unemployment prevailed in the area, as did established patterns of Hispanic education and poverty levels. Lower education and higher poverty rates occurred in nonmetropolitan and highly agricultural areas for both Hispanics and Whites, but the differences were markedly greater for Hispanics. Research is needed in several areas, including female labor force participation and the processes which create a disadvantaged population. (SB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age, Census Figures, Community Characteristics, Comparative Analysis, Demography, Employment Level, Family Characteristics, Family Structure, Females, Hispanic Americans, Labor Force, Place of Residence, Population Distribution, Population Growth, Poverty, Rural Urban Differences, Whites
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Diversity (Groups); Pacific Northwest
Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings (Lexington, Kentucky, August 1983).