ERIC Number: ED237258
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Socio-Economic and Psychological Attributes of Rural Poverty in Mississippi. Research Bulletin Number 17.
Cho, Woong K.
Data from two studies highlighted the socioeconomic and psychological attributes of poverty in rural Mississippi. In the first study, county census data were analyzed to determine changes in the socioeconomic status of rural and urban poor between 1960 and 1970. In 1970, the poverty count in rural and urban areas differed by 16.6%, down 5.1% from 1960. Poverty was disproportionately high in rural counties, where the median family income of $4,591 was nearly $3,000 lower than in urban counties, and among rural blacks, whose median family income was only $2,931. Rural poverty was highly correlated with race, farm residence, education level, unemployment, age, and family structure. Little rural-urban difference existed in the regional distribution of income sources. In the second study, researchers challenged Oscar Lewis' notion that a "culture of poverty" as related to attitudinal and value traits overrides basic ethnic orientation. Their findings indicated that race was likely to be a more significant determinant of attitude and value than was poverty. Data from a 248-household survey in Mississippi showed significant differences in responses between black and white samples and between black and poor samples. In general, rural blacks felt more fatalistic, suspicious, socially alienated, and less trusting than the rural poor whites. (SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Alcorn State Univ., Lorman, MS.
Identifiers: Culture of Poverty; Lewis (Oscar); Mississippi; United States (South)
Note: For related document, see RC 014 331.