ERIC Number: ED237236
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Children's Descriptions of Adults: A Developmental View.
Two hypotheses were tested in this study: (1) that the elaborateness of children's descriptions would increase with grade level, and (2) that there would be a decrease in peripheral descriptions and an increase in central descriptions with grade level. A total of 211 kindergarten through eighth-grade students were instructed to describe an adult they knew very well. Responses were classified into nine categories representing major descriptive constructs related to person perception: appearance, routine habits and activities, personal possessions, personality, aptitudes and achievements, personal attitudes, subjects' evaluation of the adult, social roles, and comparisons (references to comparative differences between people). A multiple analysis of variance (grade by sex by nine categories) revealed significant increases in the use of five of the targeted categories by children in higher grades. A second multiple analysis (grade by sex by two categories) showed a significant increase in the use of central descriptive constructs by older children. Analysis of variance showed significant increases in the elaborateness of the categories used by older children. (Results were considered in terms of the development of person perception in children.) (Author/BJD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Descriptive Research; Peripheral Stimuli
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Nashville, TN, November 16-18, 1983).