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ERIC Number: ED237197
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Refinement of a Primary Preventive Approach to Fire Emergencies: A Comparison of External and Self-Instruction Strategies for Training and Maintaining Fire Emergency Responding.
Jones, Russell T.; Haney, Janell I.
A study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of two procedures (1) in training children to perform sequences of emergency fire responses and (2) in facilitating long-term maintenance of correct responses. Subjects, 47 black third-grade children, were divided into external instruction, self-instruction, and control groups. In the self-instruction condition, children were trained to verbalize, monitor, evaluate, and reinforce themselves at different phases of responding; such self-instruction was omitted from the external instruction condition to establish a more passive involvement. All three groups were pretested and posttested. Children in training received additional assessments at 2 and 4 weeks and at 2, 3, 4, and 8 months following training. Generalization to an untrained situation and transfer of training to a second in-school setting and to a home setting were tested on a noncomprehensive basis. Results indicated that both training methods resulted in high levels of skill acquisition, a slight decline in response maintenance over the subsequent 4 months, and a substantial drop in maintenance over the second 4 months. Scores of subjects receiving external instruction declined more during the second 4 months than had both groups' scores during the first 4 months; they also declined more during the second 4 months than those of subjects receiving self-instruction. A high degree of generalization to an untrained response, a high degree of transfer to the second in-school setting, and moderate generalization to the home setting were found for both instruction groups. (Results are discussed with reference to factors potentially contributing to response maintenance.) (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Fire Drills
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (45th, Chicago, IL, May 5-7, 1983). Submitted to the Journal of Community Psychology (Special Issue); in press.