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ERIC Number: ED237186
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Measurement of Social Behavior of Infants and Toddlers in Groups.
Embree, Gertrude; Bell, Steven
A 36-item observation instrument was developed for measuring appropriate social development in infants and toddlers. Checklist items indicated such behaviors as asking, protecting, comforting, lending, sharing, hugging, playing with, joining, laughing, smiling, looking at, performing request, leading, following, and conversing. Use of the instrument required that individual children be observed for 5 minutes four times in a 1-month period. Observers were directed to indicate behaviors they saw occur at least once. Observer training procedures developed in conjunction with the checklist consisted of three parts: (1) previewing and discussing instrument content and scoring directions, (2) viewing a 5-minute videotape of infant or toddler behavior in a center setting, and (3) observing a selected child jointly and unobtrusively. Total training time varied between 1 and 3 hours. In a field test of the instrument, 39 boys and 33 girls between the ages of 5 and 39 months at the Berry College Infant Toddler Center were unobtrusively observed each week for a 12-month period. Findings revealed a steady increase in the number of adaptive behaviors enacted over the year. It was concluded that caregivers, teachers, parents, and students interested in strengthening observation skills will benefit from an analysis and discussion of this instrument. (A copy of the checklist is appended.) (RH)
Publication Type: Tests/Questionnaires; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Parents; Students
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Toddlers