ERIC Number: ED236738
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Model Speeches: The Research Base for Live, Taped, and Written Speeches as Models for Improving Public Speaking Skills.
Friedrich, Gustav W.
A review of the role of theory and research in the teaching of public speaking reveals that although speech models have been an important pedagogical tool since the beginning of systematic instruction in public speaking, research investigating the value of model speeches is limited. A 1966 survey of 861 instructors in public speaking indicated that while theorists agreed that both good and bad models should be used to illustrate the principles of speech making, few were able to offer specific suggestions on appropriate usage. The few empirical studies on modeling suggest that models enhance skill development but do not reduce performance apprehension more than other techniques such as thinking over speeches before giving them. A. Bandura's social learning theory, however, which focuses on the role of modeling in human behavior, offers a useful framework for further research. It describes four basic functions in modeling (acquiring new, appropriate behavior patterns, facilitating appropriate behavior, removing inhibitions from fear-provoking behaviors, and promoting the direct or vicarious extinction of fear); presents factors influencing the effectiveness of modeling; and suggests variations in the process of modeling. (MM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Albert Bandura; Theory Practice Relationship
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (69th, Washington, DC, November 10-13, 1983).