ERIC Number: ED236687
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Purpose and Audience in Writing: A Study of Uses of the Primary Trait System in Writing Instruction.
Holdzkom, David; And Others
The Primary Trait System (PTS) of scoring was devised by the National Assessment of Educational Progress to score large numbers of natural writing samples. Essentially, PTS permits evaluation of writing in an objective way, but one that does not rely on scoring surface features such as mechanics, grammar, or spelling. While the assessment value of PTS is clear, its instructional merits have remained largely unstudied. With this in mind, a study was conducted to describe the instructional uses made of the principles of PTS by 11 elementary and secondary school teachers. The teachers participated in a five-day workshop in which PTS was described theoretically. They also were given practice in using scoring guides related to PTS assignments and time to develop or adapt assignments of their own. Back in their classrooms, the teachers kept activity logs on the assignments they used. They also participated in two "booster" workshops during the period studied. The teachers used PTS in their classrooms in a variety of ways, including the following: (1) to clarify lesson objectives, (2) to provide a way to formulate assignments, (3) to help students evaluate and respond to the writing of peers, (4) to assess students' papers, and (5) to improve reading. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Researchers
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: CEMREL, Inc., St. Louis, MO.
Identifiers: Primary Trait Scoring
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Canada, April 11-15, 1983). For related documents, see ED 224 035-036.