ERIC Number: ED236624
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Processes during Pauses in Writing.
Schumacher, Gary M.; And Others
A study investigated the cognitive and grammatical activities carried out during writing by 22 incoming freshmen and 20 upperclass college students. It was hypothesized that the upperclassmen's compositions would be judged better in quality than those of the freshmen, and that the upperclassmen would show fewer pauses in which they were considering grammatical issues than would the freshmen. Subjects were videotaped as they wrote on one of six topics, after which they were prompted with the videotape for comments about their writing activities. Papers were scored on content, organization, and surface elements. Upperclassmen received significantly better ratings than freshmen on both content and organization, but not on surface elements, which lent partial suport to the first hypothesis. Analysis of the videotapes and protocols revealed that while freshmen and upperclassmen showed a similar number of pauses during writing, the freshmen paused for longer periods of time. Although participating in the same number of grammatical activities, the two groups did differ in their total number of cognitive activities. The results demonstrated that freshmen and upperclassmen differed in the quality of their final products and in their degree of skill in carrying out writing processes. The results also indicated the fruitfulness of monitoring pausal activities to track writing processes without interrupting them. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Protocol Analysis
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (32nd, Clearwater Beach, FL, December 1-4, 1982).