ERIC Number: ED236582
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Press and Government Restriction: A 13-Year Update of a Cross-National Study.
Weaver, David H.; Buddenbaum, Judith M.
In 1974, David H. Weaver used path analysis with data from 137 countries during four periods between 1950 and 1966 to test relationships between government control of the press and six other societal characteristics. The present study, which extended the time period of the original analysis by adding recently available data from 1979, constructed composite measures for the original variables whenever possible and then tested them for reliability and validity. These variables included government control of the press, accountability of governors, stress on government, mass media development, level of education, urbanism, and availability of resources. Results showed, first, that mass media development since World War II has been a response not so much to urbanism and to education as to increased economic productivity. Second, it is clear that a government system accountable to its citizens contributes to the development of mass media. Third, as in the earlier study, evidence suggests that the more direct the governor's accountability to the masses, the greater the freedom of the press. But results also indicate that economic productivity and the level of media development are stronger predictors of lack of government control over the press than is government accountability. (A list of the countries studied is appended.) (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (66th, Corvallis, OR, August 6-9, 1983). For the original cross-national study, see ED 097 679.