ERIC Number: ED236577
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct-22
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Two Comprehension Treatments in a College Reading Laboratory.
Heerman, Charles E.
To compare the effects of two different comprehension treatments on the reading of university students enrolled in a developmental reading laboratory, 74 students were administered pretests measuring reading achievement and reading attitudes and were given five weeks of instruction in text organizing strategies and vocabulary development. After receiving a critical thinking pretest, students were randomly assigned to one of two comprehension treatment groups. The first group used T. G. Thurstone's Reading for Understanding Program, kits 2 and 3, which emphasizes inferencing skill, while the second group used the Jamestown Comprehension Skill Series, which depicts reading comprehension as subsystems of nine skills. When the comprehension treatments ended in the twelfth week of the study, the students were administered posttests measuring reading achievement, critical thinking ability, and reading attitudes. Test results indicated that the two commercial programs were equally effective in improving student reading ability and related skills. (HOD)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Critical Thinking, Developmental Programs, Higher Education, Instructional Materials, Media Selection, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Reading Attitudes, Reading Centers, Reading Comprehension, Reading Instruction, Reading Programs, Reading Research, Teaching Methods, Vocabulary Skills
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the College Reading Association (27th, Atlanta, GA, October 20-22, 1983).