ERIC Number: ED236503
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Intellectual and Ego Development.
Alishio, Kip C.; Schilling, Karen Maitland
Perry's scheme of intellectual and ethical development was examined for sex differences with respect to content areas for which sex differences have elsewhere been suggested: occupational choice, interpersonal relationships, and sexual identity. In addition, the content area religion and ego development, as measured by Loevinger's sentence completion test (SCT), was examined. Thirty-one females and twenty-nine males participated. An interview format which applied Perry's unstructured approach to each of the four areas was utilized. Transcribed interviews and SCTs were rated blind. Structural as well as content analyses were performed. Structural analyses revealed no significant sex differences overall or by content area. However, multiple and step-wise regression analyses revealed patterns in which male identity processes consistently focused upon occupational issues while female identity focused upon interpersonal and sexual issues. Content analyses suggest that women focus their interpersonal worlds developmentally upon issues of trust while men focus upon issues of rightness. Results are interpreted in the context of recent works by Chodorow and Gilligan concerning sex differences in development. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Ego Development Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (55th, Chicago, IL, May 5-7, 1983).