ERIC Number: ED236493
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May
Reference Count: 0
Processing Goals and Social Judgment.
McCann, C. Douglas
Cognitive psychologists believe that knowledge is multifaceted and that people process more than just semantic content from a stimulus array. To investigate the implications of recall and impression formation processing objectives on the representation of serial order in memory and judgment, subjects participated in two recall and impression formation studies. In the first study, subjects read an essay describing a fictional person and then were asked to reproduce the information they had read (recall) and to give their impressions of the character. In the second study, subjects read a fictional legal case involving an assault between two persons. At selected measurement intervals subjects responded to items assessing their judgments of the guilt of the parties in the case, their confidence in the judgments, the parties' responsibility, and their attitudes toward the parties. An analysis of the results provided little evidence that processing objectives affect the representation of sequential order in memory. Both studies found that the sequential order of stimulus input was maintained in the representations formed and that its manifestation in output was dependent upon output goals. Results from study two suggested that subjects retrieving sequential information under a recall objective, as compared to an impression formation objective, were more negative in their judgments. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Impression Formation
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (55th, Chicago, IL, May 5-7, 1983).