ERIC Number: ED236483
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr-15
Reference Count: 0
Sex and Experienced Control throughout Adulthood: A Non-Linear Model.
Tiffany, Phyllis G.
Male and female adults revise their perceptions of control three times in their lives, between the ages of 20 and 65. To investigate the relationship between experienced control in terms of loci of control (internal, external), situations (opposite sex, same sex), and direction (from or over the environment), and the developmental stages of men and women, 2,126 subjects (890 males, 1,233 females) aged 11-99, completed the Tiffany Experienced Control Scales (ECS). Subjects were grouped into seven age ranges of approximately 10 year intervals. An analysis of the results showed that across the lifespan, males experienced greater control than females both from and over events at the internal and external loci, except at age 40. Males were also more volatile than females. Females were more consistent and, with the exception of the 35-44 age group, typically fell below males in their control ratios, particularly in their loss of control over the environment. Females experienced their best years within 2 to 3 years of the time males experienced their worst years. Both men and women felt more control over relations with members of the opposite sex than members of the same sex. (Numerous charts and statistical tables are included). (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Life Span Development; Tiffany Experienced Control Scales
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association (29th, San Antonio, TX, April 21-23, 1983).