ERIC Number: ED236482
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr-14
Reference Count: 0
Control and the Aged: Environmental or Personality Factors.
Tiffany, Phyllis G.; Dey, Kay
Control over self, lifestyle, and environment is a major factor in how one ages. To investigate how age acts as an environmental force in affecting perceptions of control, 45 adults, aged 60-80, from western Kansas were administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), the Tiffany Experienced Control Scales (ECS), the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), and the Personal Mental Health Data Form for Older People. Subjects were divided into three groups according to living situations (residential facility, community residence with family members, economically independent community residence apart from family). The ECS measured control in terms of direction (from or over the environment) and situations (work, school, sex, community, home, other people, and in general). An analysis of the results of the MMPI and the ECS showed that a clear relationship existed between the neurotic triad of the MMPI (psychopathic deviance, schizophrenia, psychasthenia) and the experience of control from the environment. Subjects who scored high on the hypochondriasis, depression, and conversion hysteria subscales of the MMPI also experienced high control from the environment; low incidence subjects experienced more control over the environment. Further research with larger subject pools is recommended. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory; Tiffany Experienced Control Scales
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association (29th, San Antonio, TX, April 21-23, 1983).