ERIC Number: ED236441
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Differential Prediction of Alcohol vs. Hard Drug Use Levels in a General Youth Sample via the HEW Youth Development Model's Community Youth Program Impact Scales, Age, and Sex.
Truckenmiller, James L.
Recent national surveys have found marked increases in the use of illicit drugs and alcohol among adolescents. To investigate differential prediction of alcohol versus hard drug use amoung youths, 6% of the youths, aged 10-19, from a Pennsylvania county school system (N=1,689) were assessed on the HEW Community Youth Program Impact Scales. The 12 scales assess social-psychological youth development dynamics, e.g., powerlessness vs. control, perceived negative/positive labeling, perceived access/lack of access to educational roles, self esteem, and parental rejection. An analysis of the results showed peer relationship variables were most predictive for alcohol use levels, and youth-adult disaffiliation variables were most predictive for hard drug use levels. Youth perceived access to educational and occupational roles did not predict either alcohol or hard drug use levels. Moderate or high frequency alcohol use was reported in 37.4 percent of the sample, while 1.8 percent of the sample reported hard drug use. (Difficulties with 96 percent false positives for high frequency hard drug use are discussed and nine tables of data analyses are appended.) (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Impact Scales
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington DC, August 23-27, 1982). For related documents, see ED 225 067, ED 229 674, ED 232 098, and ED 233 261.