ERIC Number: ED236373
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Sep-16
Reference Count: 0
Employment and Training Programs to Reduce Structural Unemployment. A Statement before the Joint Economic Committee, United States Congress.
Bendick, Marc, Jr.
Federal initiatives should be undertaken to reduce long-term structural unemployment in the United States. Long-term structural unemployment has risen during the 1970s and 1980s but is still primarily a problem of disadvantaged workers, not dislocated ones. The impact of technological change on occupations is felt mainly by the employed who are retrained in midcareer. Export of American manufacturing jobs to foreign countries with lower wage levels need not be viewed with alarm, for individual manufacturing products pass through a "life cycle" over time and export of production is a common and efficient later phase. Seven proposals have been identified to address structural unemployment and enhance national productivity: reinvestment in traditional employment and training incentives for the disadvantaged, expansion of federal efforts to upgrade educational investment in youth, encouragement of greater employer training for the employed, establishment of an entitlement program for retraining functionally illiterate unemployed adults, provision of training to dislocated workers in job searching and career management, targeting of the Job Training Partnership Act's Title III resources toward providing short-term assistance teams for communities experiencing large-scale employment dislocation, and modification of federal policies to encourage workers who self-select to seek retraining. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dislocated Workers; Structural Unemployment
Note: Statement delivered at the Hearings on Industrial Policy and the Retraining Needs of the Nation's Structurally Unemployed (September 16, 1983).