ERIC Number: ED236282
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Integration Does Work: The Springfield Story.
Roberts, Gary J.; George, Vivian V.
Desegregation in elementary schools in Springfield, Massachusetts, must be rated a success. Implementation of the desegregation program, which became a reality in 1974, was successful because of the following factors: strong leadership from the superintendent; support of the mayor and the school committee (in spite of their opposition to mandatory busing); support from the community and the media; the past history of desegregation in Springfield (the junior high and high schools were already desegregated); the fact that Springfield is a medium-sized city with no neighborhoods physically isolated from one another; and the flexible design of the plan, which left no group out and took neighborhoods into account. Successful follow-through of the desegregation program involved: (1) fine-tuning of the original plan through the use of magnet schools; (2) attempts to overcome disparity in achievement by providing additional staff to better meet the needs of individual students; and (3) activities implemented to involve students in interactive situations, such as mini-courses selected on the basis of interests, science lab programs, theater arts experiences, the use of music resource teachers, field trips, and Spanish conversation lessons for non-Spanish speaking elementary students. The success of this follow-through was possible only because of funds provided under Chapter 636 of the Massachusetts Racial Imbalance Act. (CMG)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Black Students, Desegregation Effects, Desegregation Methods, Desegregation Plans, Elementary Secondary Education, Hispanic Americans, Magnet Schools, Program Evaluation, Racial Integration, Racial Relations, Racially Balanced Schools, Social Integration, Sociometric Techniques, State Aid, White Students
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - General; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Springfield Public Schools, MA.
Identifiers: Racial Imbalance Act (Massachusetts); Springfield Public Schools MA
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference for School Desegregation (3rd, Arlington, VA, March, 1981).