ERIC Number: ED236276
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Home-School-Community Linkages: A Study of Educational Opportunity for Punjabi Youth. Final Report.
Gibson, Margaret A.
This report presents findings from ethnographic research that focused on factors which promote and impede educational opportunity for Punjabi Sikh immigrants in "Valleyside," an agricultural town in California. The report is divided into two parts. Part one considers the setting and the sociocultural context for schooling in "Valleyside." Drawing from interviews with Punjabi and non-immigrant residents, parents' views of life in America, job opportunities, family structure, social relations, and child rearing are described. Background on Punjabis in India is provided. Their reasons for immigrating to the United States, their theory of success, and their life strategies are explored. In addition, social relations between Punjabis and members of the mainstream majority are discussed. This section closes with a comparative analysis of child rearing, emphasizing those patterns most directly related to school performance at the secondary level. The second half of the report focuses on schooling itself by examining social, structural, and cultural factors which influence educational opportunity, home-school relations, and school response patterns. The ways in which the high school curriculum structure and various academic "tracks" create barriers to educational opportunity are explored. Social relations among students are also discussed. The study demonstrates that immigrant minorities may do well in school even when cast as subordinate by a dominant group and that cultural differences do not necessarily inhibit educational achievement. Specifically, findings indicate the importance of high self-esteem, self-reliance, and parental support. All of these aspects of Punjabi culture strongly contribute to success. (GC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: South Asian American Education Association, Stockton, CA.
Identifiers: California; Sikhs
Note: Funding was provided by the Home, Community, and Work Program.