ERIC Number: ED236010
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May
Reference Count: 0
Chemical Change. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 27.
One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' (N=37) views of chemical change. Data were obtained using the "interview-about-events" method in which students were asked to describe and then explain what happened during each of five events. Student responses are presented, discussed, and analyzed for each event according to categories of the most prevalent views. Events utilized include: (1) placing a vitamin C tablet in water (generating bubbles); (2) lighting gas from a butane burner; (3) heating sugar crystals; (4) showing shiny and rusty nails; and (5) mixing plastic filler/hardener. Prevalent views for the first event (selected as an example) include: bubbles result from chemical reaction; bubbles are caused by physical change in the tablet; or, no knowledge of how bubbles formed. The views discussed under these headings (as well as those discussed for the other four events) indicate that although students have strong ideas about what they saw, their explanations for events, in particular the meaning of "chemical reaction," are quite different from the scientific viewpoint. (JN)
Descriptors: Change, Chemical Reactions, Cognitive Processes, Comprehension, Concept Formation, Curriculum Development, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Interviews, Learning, Science Education, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science
University of Waikato, Science Education Research Unit, Hamilton, New Zealand.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Waikato Univ., Hamilton (New Zealand).
Identifiers: Learning in Science Project; New Zealand; Science Education Research
Note: For related documents, see ED 226 976, ED 229 442, ED 230 594, ED 235 011-030, SE 043 285-302, and SE 043 305-315. Document contains some marginal legibility.