ERIC Number: ED235961
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Whatever Happened to Rural Women? A Comparative Study of Labor Force Participation.
Bokemeier, Janet; And Others.
A 1979 Kentucky study comparing rural farm and nonfarm women to each other and to women residing in metropolitan areas examined women's labor force participation. A statewide mail survey of Kentucky adults produced usable questionnaires from 3 groups of women: farm women (1,231), nonmetropolitan women (3,631), and metropolitan women (937). Dependent variables were women's labor force participation (full- or part-time), attitudes toward unemployment, satisfaction with job opportunities, job efficacy, and attitude toward small, family farms. Farm women, working or not, tended to be older (median age 45-49) than metropolitan/nonmetropolitan women (median age 40-44). In all groups, younger women were more likely to be working. About half of nonfarm women were employed full- or part-time; 38% of farm women were working off the farm. Working women in all three groups were concentrated in white-collar occupations and in service industries. In all groups, working women had completed more years of education than nonworking women; with labor force participation constant, farm women had the least educational attainment. Among working women, the major determinant of job efficacy was education, followed by income. Policy implications included a need for adequate training for high-wage jobs for rural women. (MH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Needs, Educational Status Comparison, Employment Patterns, Family Income, Females, Labor Force Nonparticipants, Occupational Surveys, Participant Characteristics, Rural Economics, Rural Family, Rural Farm Residents, Rural Nonfarm Residents, Rural Population, Rural Urban Differences, Urban Population, Wages
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kentucky Univ., Lexington. Agricultural Experiment Station.
Authoring Institution: Kentucky Univ., Lexington. Dept. of Sociology.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Rural Sociological Meeting (Ithaca, NY, August, 1980). Reports results of Project No. 830, Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station.