ERIC Number: ED235896
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Differences in Pre-Adolescent Boys' Interpersonal Perceptions and Social Adjustment.
Arcangelo, Frank S.
Differences in children's interpersonal perceptions and in their conceptions of behavior disorders in hypothetical peers were investigated in a sample of 34 boys between the ages of 10 and 13. Two groups of subjects were formed: 17 subjects attended special classes for the emotionally handicapped and were classified as exhibiting conduct problems while another 17 attended regular classrooms. Two story vignettes depicting behavior disorders in hypothetical peers were read to each subject. The vignettes described peers as exhibiting behavior problems of the "undercontrolled" (i.e., acting out, oppositional behaviors) and of the "overcontrolled" (i.e., passivity-withdrawal, isolation). After hearing the two vignettes, subjects rated the two story characters on a social desirability scale and also indicated the extent to which situational or dispositional causal attribution statements accounted for the characters' behaviors. Results indicated that the two groups differed significantly in their social evaluations and causal attributions. Youngsters in the problem group were significantly more negative in their evaluations of the undercontrolled character than were their peers in the regular classroom. The overcontrolled character was rated overall as being significantly more positive than was the undercontrolled character. While both subject groups made higher situational ratings for the undercontrolled versus the overcontrolled story character, subjects in the problem group made significantly higher situational ratings for both story characters than did their peers in the regular classroom. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Social Desirability
Note: Filmed from best available copy. Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).