ERIC Number: ED235895
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Unified Model for Academic Competence, Social Adjustment, and Psychopathology.
Schaefer, Earl S.; And Others
A unified conceptual model is needed to integrate the extensive research on (1) social competence and adaptive behavior, (2) converging conceptualizations of social adjustment and psychopathology, and (3) emerging concepts and measures of academic competence. To develop such a model, a study was conducted in which teacher ratings were collected on two cohorts of kindergarten children (numbering 110 and 119, respectively). Several measures were used, including the Classroom Behavior Inventory, Bipolar Trait Ratings, Conners' Teacher Rating Scales, and global ratings of social adjustment and academic competence. Factor analysis and multidimensional scaling were used to isolate major dimensions and regions of configurational organizations of measures. These analyses identified three dimensions and conceptual regions related to major diagnostic syndromes: extraversion versus introversion, considerateness versus hostility, and academic competence. Adaptive and maladaptive behavior scales, psychopathology scales, bipolar trait-rating scales, and academic competence scales were integrated by a spherical model of adaptive behavior. In general, the model integrated major dimensions of social adjustment and academic competence with major syndromes of psychopathology. The model also integrated diagnostic categories of mental retardation and learning disabilities with conduct problems and personality problems associated with patterns of social and emotional behavior. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Frank Porter Graham Center.
Identifiers: Conceptual Integration; Extraversion Introversion
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).